Georgia is situated north of Turkey in the Caucasus bordered by the Russian Federation, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Turkey and overlooking the Black Sea with a coastline of over 300 km.
The capital of Georgia is Tbilisi and the official language is Georgian, other languages spoken are Russian, Armenian, Azeri, Ossetian and Abkhazian.
Georgia offers a mountainous landscape with breathtaking scenery and a rich variety of flora and fauna. The landscape varies from enclosed high valleys to wide basins, from spas with Georgia’s famous mineral waters to waterfalls, caves and other impressive sites that render this country so beautiful.
Tbilisi offers a cheerful Mediterranean atmosphere, scattered with stone houses built around vine-draped courtyards, while Sukhumi the capital of Abkhazia, one of the two autonomous republics of Georgia, is a calm sunny port town, famous for its beautiful beaches scattered with palm and eucalyptus trees.
Georgia has a rich background of religious culture and examples of historic churches and pre-Chrisitian Georgian tombs. A very interesting site is Mtskheta, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the center of Georgian Christianity until the 12th century, with its Svetitskhoveli Cathedral; this site was the holiest place in ancient Georgia.
The climate offers hot summers and mild winters, with lower temperatures in the alpine areas, the subtropical southwest can have heavy rainfall.