Jordan is situated in the Middle East and borders with Israel, the Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq and Saudi Arabia. The capital, Amman dominates the Dead Sea Depression at a height of 800m on a plateau that extends 324km from the Syrian Arab Republic to Ras en Naqab in the south. It is surrounded to the north by undulating hills with cultivated fields and forests as well as desert escarpments to the south that are grazed by the sheep and goat herds of nomadic tribes. Jordan’s official language is Arabic and English is also widely spoken.

Jordan looks out on to the Red Sea at Aqaba, a narrow strip of land teeming with underwater treasures, while in the northeast the flat desert spreads out, scattered occasionally by oases. The desert in the southeast is a spectacular wind-eroded region with brightly colored sandstone cliffs.

Jordan’s rich history and religious culture offers some magnificent sites, notably Petra, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, with the breathtaking rock-hewn city of the Nabateans, which turns rose pink in the light of the setting sun. Wadi Rum is also a striking example of Jordan’s heritage and shares the beauty of Petra.

The climate varies with warm winters and hot summers in Aqaba and the Jordan Valley and cold winters and intensely hot summers in the Eastern Desert. There can be snow in the hills and rainfall is between November and March.

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    Petra, originally known as Raqmu to the Nabataeans, is a historical and archaeological city in the southern Jordanian governorate of Ma'an that is famous for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system. Another name for Petra is the Rose City due to the color of the stone out of which it is carved.

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    Sanctuary of Agios Lot

    The Sanctuary of Agios Lot is located to the southeast of the Dead Sea overlooking the modern town of Safi in Jordan. It is a Byzantine era (5th - 7th Centuries AD) monastic site that consists of a basilical church erected at the entrance to a natural cave.

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    Tower, Umm ar-Rasas

    Tower, Umm ar-Rasas. The salient feature of Umm ar-Rasas stands about a mile (1.5 kilometers) north of the walled ruins. Interpreted to be a Stylite tower, the soaring structure served as a platform for Christian ascetics living in isolation at the top as well as an altar for a call to prayer.

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    Umm ar-Rasas

    Umm ar-Rasas is located 30 km southeast of Madaba, which is the capital city of the Madaba Governorate in central Jordan. It was once accessible by branches of the King's Highway (ancient), and is situated in the semi-arid steppe region of the Jordanian Desert

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    Wadi Rum

    Wadi Rum is a valley cut into the sandstone and granite rock in southern Jordan 60 km (37 mi) to the east of Aqaba, it is the largest wadi in Jordan. The name Rum most likely comes from an Aramaic root meaning 'high' or 'elevated'. To reflect its proper Arabic pronunciation, archaeologists transcribe it as Wadi Ramm.