Peru is located in the western South America and it has the Pacific Ocean on its west, Chile located on its south, Bolivia on its southeast, Brazil on its east, and Columbia and Ecuador on its north.

The population of Peru is about twenty-nine million and it comprises of the people of different ethnicity, such as Asians, Africans, Amerindians and Europeans. In the year 2007, this nation was declared as the 4th most populated nation in South America. The different cultures can be seen in Peru’s music, art, literature and cuisine.

More than 4/5th of the population of Peru speaks in Spanish and the language is also considered to be the main language of the nation. While Spanish is the chief language that is spoken by the people of Peru, other native languages are also spoken in the country.

The other indigenous languages that are spoken in Peru are many and among them, the important one is Quechua. Basically, the culture of the country is a mixture of Spanish and Amerindian traditions. Its culture has also been influenced by the cultures of other ethic groups like European, Asian and African cultures. Some of the chief exports of Peru are fish meal, textiles, zinc, gold and copper.

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    The historic centre of Arequipa, built in volcanic sillar rock, represents an integration of European and native building techniques and characteristics, expressed in the admirable work of colonial masters and Criollo and Indian masons.

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    Cusco is a city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range. It is the capital of the Cusco Region as well as the Cusco Province. Located on the eastern end of the Knot of Cuzco, its elevation is around 3,400 m.

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    Manu National Park

    Manu National Park is a biosphere reserve located in Madre de Dios and Paucartambo, Cusco.