Syria is situated in western Asia and it is officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic. The Mediterranean Sea and Lebanon is located on the west of the country and Iraq is situated on the east of the country. It has Jordan on its south and Turkey on its north. Damascus is the capital city of Syria and this city is considered to be one among the world’s oldest constantly inhabited cities. Most of the people living in this country are Sunni Muslims but there are also followers of other religions as well. More than 4/5th of the people living in Syria are Arabs and the remaining people are of Turkmen, Kurdish, Aramaean Syriacs, Assyrian, Circassians and Armenian minorities.
Syria has hot and dry summers and the winters are mild. The country is basically a middle income economy and it depends on tourism, agriculture, industry and oil. Burjeslam is a very popular beach in the country. Agriculture is one of the most important sectors in Syria and it employs more than 40% of the workforce in the country. About 1/4th of the country GDP has been contributed by agriculture. Most of the people living in Syria are indigenous Levantine people. Arabic is its official language.