Pyramid of Khentkaus I

The pyramid was originally described in the 19th century as an unfinished pyramid and it had been conjectured that it belonged to King Shepseskaf. The pyramid was excavated by Selim Hassan starting in 1932. The tomb was given the number LG 100 by Lepsius.

The chapel consisted of a main hall and an inner chapel. A passage cut in the floor of the inner chapel leads to the burial chamber. The floor of the chapel was covered in Tura limestone. The walls were covered in relief, but the scenes are very badly damaged. Relief fragments were found in the debris when the tomb was excavated by Selim Hassan. The passage to the burial chamber and the chamber itself were lined with red granite. The passageway is 5.6 m long and descends below the main structure of the pyramid. The burial chamber is large and most closely resembles the burial chamber of King Shepseskaf in Saqqara. The burial chamber possibly housed an alabaster sarcophagus, many pieces were found in the sand and debris that filled the chamber. Also in the chamber contained a small scarab made of a brown limestone. Its craftsmanship leads to the belief that it is from the twelfth dynasty. It leads some to believe that her tomb was reused for other later tombs.

The solar boat is located to the south-west of the pyramid. A pit measuring some 30.25 m long and 4.25 m deep was cut into the rock. The prow and stern of the boat were upraised and the boat appears to have had a roof. It may represent the night-boat of the sun-god Ra. If so there may be an accompanying day-boat.

Immediately to the east of the pyramid lies a pyramid city. The city is laid out along several streets which divide the city into groups of houses. These houses had their own magazines and granaries. The city was constructed from unbaked mud-brick, and surfaces were covered in a yellow plaster. The city was probably the home of the priests and servants of the pyramid complex. The pyramid city was constructed towards the end of the 4th or beginning of the 5th dynasty and seems to have been functioning well into the 6th dynasty.

  • giza
  • Hentkávesz piramisa