Eisleben is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is famous as the hometown of Martin Luther, hence, its official name is Lutherstadt Eisleben. As of 2005, Eisleben had a population of 24,284 (2013). It lies on the Halle–Kassel railway.
Eisleben is divided into old and new towns (Altstadt and Neustadt), the latter of which was created for Eisleben's miners in the 14th century.
Eisleben was the capital of the district of Mansfelder Land and is the seat of the collective municipality Lutherstadt Eisleben.