Eger Castle (Castle of Eger)

The Castle of Eger is a castle in Eger, Hungary. Historically, it is known for repelling the Turkish attack in 1552 during the Siege of Eger.

History

The first castle was built on the high hill named Varhegy at Felsotarkany near Eger.

During the Mongol invasion in 1241, this castle was ruined, and the bishop of Eger moved it to a rocky hill in the city of Eger. On the hill, a new castle was built, and it developed rapidly. In 1470 a Gothic palace was built. In 1552, a Turkish army of 35,000-40,000 soldiers attacked the castle which had 2,100-2,300 defenders. The siege failed as the Turks suffered heavy casualties. A total of 1,700 of the defenders survived. After that Turks besieged the castle again in 1596, resulting in a Turkish victory. In 1701, the Austrians exploded half of the castle.

Archaeological excavations only started in 1925 and the castle was used by the army as barracks until 1957.

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Country:
Hungary
Rating:
10
Latitude:
47,9041624
Longitude:
20,3797191
Wikipedia:
Link