Hierapolis (Ancient City)

Hierapolis was an ancient city located on hot springs in classical Phrygia in southwestern Anatolia. Its ruins are adjacent to modern Pamukkale in Turkey and currently comprise an archaeological museum designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The hot springs have been used as a spa since the 2nd century BC, with many patrons retiring or dying there. The large necropolis is filled with sarcophagi, most famously that of Marcus Aurelius Ammianos, which bears the earliest known example of a crank and rod mechanism.

The great baths were constructed with huge stone blocks without the use of cement and consisted of various closed or open sections linked together. There are deep niches in the inner section,[clarification needed] including the bath, library, and gymnasium.

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    Stairs, Hierapolis

    Stairs in Hierapolis (Ancient City). Hierapolis ruins are located adjacent to modern Pamukkale in Turkey.

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    Theatre, Hierapolis

    he Theatre was probably constructed under the reign of Hadrian after the earthquake of 60 AD. The facade is 300 feet long (92 m), the full extent of which remains standing. In the cavea there are 50 rows of seats divided into 7 parts by 8 intermediate stairways.