Calamita Fortress Ruins. At the top of the cliff towering ruins of the Monastery of the medieval fortress Calamita. Built the fortress was in the early XV century on the site of the old Byzantine ruler of the Crimean strengthen the Christian principality of Theodoro. In 1475 the Turks seized the Crimea, was rebuilt and renamed the fort, calling it Inkerman (from the Turkic languages "cave fortress"). After the annexation of Crimea to Russia in 1783, consolidation has lost its military significance.