Cemetery of Confucius

The Cemetery of Confucius is a cemetery of the Kong clan in Confucius' hometown Qufu in Shandong province. Confucius himself and some of his disciples are buried there, as well as many thousands of his descendants.

Since 1994, the Cemetery of Confucius has been part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site "Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu". The two other components of the site are the Temple of Confucius dedicated to the memory of the philosopher and the Kong Family Mansion, where his descendants lived. The three sites are collectively known in Qufu as San Kong, i.e. "The Three Confucian".

History

In 1331 construction work began on the wall and gate of the cemetery. In total, the cemetery has undergone 13 renovations and extensions. Eventually, by the late 18th century, the perimeter wall reached a length of 7.5 kilometres, enclosing an area of 3.6 km². In this space, the tombs of more than 100,000 descendants of Confucius, who have been buried there over a period of about 2,000 years, can be found. The oldest graves date back to the Zhou Dynasty, the most recent of which belong to descendants in the 76th and 78th generation.

The cemetery suffered serious damage in November 1966, during the Cultural Revolution, when it was visited and vandalized by a team of Red Guards from Beijing Normal University, led by Tan Houlan. The corpse of the 76th-generation Duke Yansheng was removed from its grave and hung naked from a tree in front of the palace during the desecration of the cemetery in the Cultural Revolution.

  • 孔林 子思墓 Cemetery of Confucius
  • 曲阜@20100405
  • 孔圣人之墓
  • 子贡庐墓处
  • 孔林 沂国述圣公孔伋墓 周威烈王二十四年 Tomb of Confucius's grandson Kong Ji, Confucius Cemetery (402 BC)
  • 曲阜孔林-孔子墓•Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu
  • 子贡守墓处
  • 曲阜孔林-孔子儿子孔鲤墓
  • Confucius tomb
  • Cemetery of Confucious孔林
  • 孔子墓
  • Inner gate to Confucius tomb
  • 子思墓 Zisi's Tomb
  • Qu Fu. Confucius Grave. Aug 2009.
  • 孔子墓

Country:
China
Rating:
10
Latitude:
35,6207619
Longitude:
116,9867348
Wikipedia:
Link

  • 10

    Kong Family Mansion

    The Kong Family Mansion was the historical residence of the direct descendants of Confucius in the City of Qufu, the hometown of Confucius in Shandong Province, China.

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    Temple of Confucius

    The Temple of Confucius in Qufu, Shandong Province, is the largest and most renowned temple of Confucius in East Asia.