Temple of Confucius

The Temple of Confucius in Qufu, Shandong Province, is the largest and most renowned temple of Confucius in East Asia.

Since 1994, the Temple of Confucius has been part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site "Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu". The two other parts of the site are the nearby Kong Family Mansion, where the main-line descendants of Confucius lived, and the Cemetery of Confucius a few kilometers to the north, where Confucius and many of his descendants have been buried. Those three sites are collectively known in Qufu as San Kong, i.e. "The Three Confucian".


Within two years after the death of Confucius, his former house in Qufu was already consecrated as a temple by the Prince of Lu. In 205 BC, Emperor Gao of the Han Dynasty was the first emperor to offer sacrifices to the memory of Confucius in Qufu. He set an example for many emperors and high officials to follow. Later, emperors would visit Qufu after their enthronement or on important occasions such as a successful war. In total, 12 different emperors paid 20 personal visits to Qufu to worship Confucius. About 100 others sent their deputies for 196 official visits. The original three-room house of Confucius was removed from the temple complex during a rebuilding undertaken in 611 AD. In 1012 and in 1094, during the Song Dynasty, the temple was extended into a design with three sections and four courtyards, around which eventually more than 400 rooms were arranged. Fire and vandalism destroyed the temple in 1214, during the Jin Dynasty. It was restored to its former extent by the year 1302 during the Yuan Dynasty. Shortly thereafter, in 1331, the temple was framed in an enclosure wall modelled on the Imperial palace.

After another devastation by fire in 1499, the temple was finally restored to its present scale. In 1724, yet another fire largely destroyed the main hall and the sculptures it contained. The subsequent restoration was completed in 1730. Many of the replacement sculptures were damaged and destroyed during the Cultural Revolution in 1966. In total, the Temple of Confucius has undergone 15 major renovations, 31 large repairs, and numerous small building measures.

  • Dacheng Hall
  • 曲阜-孔廟(Confucius temple-China)
  • 曲阜 孔廟 十三碑亭之三 A Pavilion of The Thirteen Tablet Pavilions(1736-1795, Qing Dynasty), The Confucian Temple, Qufu, Jining, Shandong Province, China
  • 曲阜孔庙 元角楼 Confucius Temple in Qufu
  • 曲阜孔庙 十三碑亭 Confucius Temple in Qufu
  • 书香气息
  • 大成门
  • 曲阜 孔廟 西南角樓 The Pavilion of Southeast Corner(1368-1911, Ming-Qing Dynasty), The Confucian Temple, Qufu, Jining, Shandong Province, China
  • 十三碑亭
  • 曲阜孔庙 大成门左碑亭 Imperial stele pavilion, Temple of Confucius, Qufu
  • 山東曲阜孔廟 成化碑及碑下之靈獸贔屭 Temple of Confucius, Qufu
  • 万世师表
  • Confucius Mansions - Front Gate
  • 孔庙院落
  • 大成殿石柱
  • 曲阜-孔廟(Confucius temple-China)
  • 重光门
  • 曲阜孔庙 大成殿 清雍正二年 Main hall, Temple of Confucius, Qufu (1724)
  • 孔林
  • 孔庙杏坛
  • 孔府老宅
  • 孔府2
  • 孔庙壁水桥
  • 曲阜孔庙大成殿 丹陛螭首散水 清雍正二年 Dragon head of the main hall, Temple of Confucius, Qufu (1724)
  • 曲阜孔庙大成殿 "Main buding" of Kongfuzi Temple in Qufu
  • 孔府
  • 曲阜 孔廟 道冠古今牌坊 The Dao Guan Gu Jin Wooden Archway(1415-1729, Ming-Qing Dynasties), The Confucius Temple, Qufu, Jining, Shandong Province, China
  • 孔庙
  • 六代含饴
  • 孔庙神庖
  • 孔府
  • near temple of confucius


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    Cemetery of Confucius

    The Cemetery of Confucius is a cemetery of the Kong clan in Confucius' hometown Qufu in Shandong province. Confucius himself and some of his disciples are buried there, as well as many thousands of his descendants.

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    Kong Family Mansion

    The Kong Family Mansion was the historical residence of the direct descendants of Confucius in the City of Qufu, the hometown of Confucius in Shandong Province, China.