Historic ruins

Ruins are the remains of human-made architecture: structures that were once complete, as time went by, have fallen into a state of partial or complete disrepair, due to lack of maintenance or deliberate acts of destruction. Natural disaster, war and depopulation are the most common root causes, with many structures becoming progressively derelict over time due to long-term weathering and scavenging.

There are famous ruins all over the world, from ancient sites in China, the Indus valley and Judea to Zimbabwe in Africa, ancient Greek, Egyptian and Roman sites in the Mediterranean basin, and Incan and Mayan sites in the Americas. Ruins are of great importance to historians, archaeologists and anthropologists, whether they were once individual fortifications, places of worship, houses and utility buildings, or entire villages, towns and cities. Many ruins have become UNESCO World Heritage Sites in recent years, to identify and preserve them as areas of outstanding value to humanity.

  • 2

    Bastion Fortifications, Dub

    Bastion Fortifications near Dub village in the administrative district of Gmina Tomaszow Lubelski, within Tomaszow Lubelski County, Lublin Voivodeship, in eastern Poland.

  • 7

    Beckov Castle (Ruins)

    Beckov Castle is a castle in ruins located near the village of Beckov in Nove Mesto nad Vahom District, Trencin Region, western Slovakia.

  • 7

    Behistun Inscription

    The Behistun Inscription is a multilingual inscription and large rock relief on a cliff at Mount Behistun in the Kermanshah Province of Iran, near the city of Kermanshah in western Iran.

  • 2

    Benevar Castle (Ruins), Matrafured

    Benevar Castle (Ruins) near village Matrafured in an outer part of Gyongyos in Heves county, Hungary in the southern part of the Matra mountain range.

  • 5

    Berezhany Castle (Ruins)

    Berezhany Castle round which the modern town of Berezhany has sprung up, was built on an island in the Zolota Lypa River in the 1530s and 1540s by Mikolaj Sieniawski as the main residence of the Sieniawski magnate family.

  • 10

    Berezka Castle (Ruins)

    After entering the village Berezka, on the left you can see the hill with the remnants of the old terraces of the garden. Berezka Castle (Ruins).

  • 8

    Bhir Mound

    The Bhir Mound is an archaeological site that is part of the ancient city of Taxila in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It contains the oldest ruins in the area along with the nearby Hathial mound.

  • 1

    Biely Kamen Castle (Ruins), Svaty Jur

    The castle of Biely Kamen was mentioned for the first time in 1217. It was the seat of the counts of Svaty Jur until 1609, when they moved to a more comfortable manor house in the town.

  • 6


    Bishapur was an ancient city in Iran on the ancient road between Persis and Elam. The road linked the Sassanid capitals Estakhr and Ctesiphon. It is located south of modern Faliyan in the Kazerun County of Pars Province, Iran.

  • 1

    Blatnica Castle (Ruins)

    Blatnica Castle is a Gothic castle whose ruins are situated near the village of Blatnica, on the foot of the Greater Fatra Range in Slovakia.

  • 1

    Blh Castle (Ruins)

    Blh (Velky Blh) castle was built in the 13th century. In 1323 it was renovated in the Gothic style and in 1483 it was extended and fortifications were added.

  • 4

    Bocskai Castle (Ruins), Aghiresu

    Bocskai Castle in Aghiresu was built in 1572 by György Bocskai in the Transylvanian Renaissance style. Build on a quadrilateral plan, this was an imposing building, with towers at the four corners and a large courtyard.

  • 1

    Bordj El Berod (Ruins), Essaouira

    Bourj El Baroud is a ruined watchtower located somewhat south of the mouth of Oued Ksob near Essaouira, Morocco. This structure is located on a broad sandy beach directly across from Phoenician ruins at the southeast tip of the main islet of Iles Purpuraires.

  • 1

    Botany Castle (Ruins)

    About castle in Botany almost no information. It located in the village Botany. In the years 1648-1650 was in its place built mansion.

  • 1

    Brahin Castle (Ruins)

    Brahin Castle Ruins in Brahin urban-type settlement in Belarus and an administrative center of Brahin Rajon. Castle ruined in 1648 year.

  • 2

    Brekov Castle (Ruins)

    Brekov Castle is a ruined Gothic and Renaissance era stone castle above the village of Brekov in Humennr District, Presov Region, Slovakia.

  • 2

    Bronka Castle (Ruins)

    Bronka Castle Ruins. Located in the village Bron'ka Transcarpathian region, Irshavskogo area now remaining among the ruins. First mentioned in 1273.

  • 10

    Buddhas of Bamiyan

    The Buddhas of Bamiyan were in 4th and 5th-centuries monumental statues of standing buddha carved into the side of a cliff in the Bamyan valley in the Hazarajat by Hazaras region of central Afghanistan.

  • 3

    Budy Fortress (Ruins), Vamosatya

    Budy Fortress (Ruins), Vamosatya. The Budy Fortress, built in the 13th or 16th century and becoming ruined in the Middle Ages, is organically related to the history of Vamosatya Village.

  • 10


    Buthrotum was an ancient Greek and later Roman city and bishopric in Epirus. In modern times it is an archeological site in Vlore County, Albania, some 14 kilometres south of Sarande and close to the Greek border and became a Latin Catholic titular see.

  • 1

    Cachtice Castle (Ruins)

    The Cachtice Castle is a castle ruin in Slovakia next to the village of Cachtice. It stands on a hill featuring rare plants, and has been declared a national nature reserve for this reason.

  • 7

    Calamita Fortress (Ruins), Inkerman

    Calamita Fortress Ruins. At the top of the cliff towering ruins of the Monastery of the medieval fortress Calamita. Built the fortress was in the early XV century on the site of the old Byzantine ruler of the Crimean strengthen the Christian principality of Theodoro.

  • 10


    The city of Carthage is a city in Tunisia that was once the center of the ancient Carthaginian civilization. The city developed from a Phoenician colony of the 1st millennium BC into the capital of an ancient empire.

  • 10

    Casas Grandes

    Casas Grandes is an archaeological site approximately 200 miles (320 km) south of US Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument ruins and was built by the Mogollon people. It is the contemporary name given to a pre-Columbian archaeological zone and its central site, located in the modern-day Mexican state of Chihuahua.