Historic ruins

Ruins are the remains of human-made architecture: structures that were once complete, as time went by, have fallen into a state of partial or complete disrepair, due to lack of maintenance or deliberate acts of destruction. Natural disaster, war and depopulation are the most common root causes, with many structures becoming progressively derelict over time due to long-term weathering and scavenging.

There are famous ruins all over the world, from ancient sites in China, the Indus valley and Judea to Zimbabwe in Africa, ancient Greek, Egyptian and Roman sites in the Mediterranean basin, and Incan and Mayan sites in the Americas. Ruins are of great importance to historians, archaeologists and anthropologists, whether they were once individual fortifications, places of worship, houses and utility buildings, or entire villages, towns and cities. Many ruins have become UNESCO World Heritage Sites in recent years, to identify and preserve them as areas of outstanding value to humanity.

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    Defensive Mansion (Ruins), Nowe Siolo

    Ruins of defensive mansion (XVII century) in Nowe Siolo village in the administrative district of Gmina Cieszanow, within Lubaczow County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland.

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    Deir el-Bahari (Dayr al-Bahri)

    Deir el-Bahari or Dayr al-Bahri is a complex of mortuary temples and tombs located on the west bank of the Nile, opposite the city of Luxor, Egypt. This is a part of the Theban Necropolis.

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    Deir el-Medina

    Deir el-Medina is an ancient Egyptian village which was home to the artisans who worked on the tombs in the Valley of the Kings during the 18th to 20th dynasties of the New Kingdom period (ca. 1550–1080 BC).

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    The island of Delos, near Mykonos, near the centre of the Cyclades archipelago, is one of the most important mythological, historical and archaeological sites in Greece.

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    Delphi is both an archaeological site and a modern town in Greece on the south-western spur of Mount Parnassus in the valley of Phocis. In myths dating to the classical period of Ancient Greece (510-323 BC), the site of Delphi was believed to be determined by Zeus when he sought to find the centre of his "Grandmother Earth" (Ge, Gaea, or Gaia).

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    The Dharmarajika is a large Buddhist stupa in the area of Taxila, Pakistan. It is thought that it was established by the Maurya emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE around relics of the Buddha.

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    Diriyah is a town in Saudi Arabia located on the north-western outskirts of the Saudi capital, Riyadh. Diriyah was the original home of the Saudi royal family, and served as the capital of the Emirate of Diriyah under the first Saudi dynasty from 1744 to 1818.

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    Dougga (Thugga)

    Dougga or Thugga is an ancient Roman city in northern Tunisia, included in a 65 hectare archaeological site. UNESCO qualified Dougga as a World Heritage Site in 1997.

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    Dragon's Castle (Ruins), Borinka

    The Dragon's Castle also, Castle Snake, Snake Castle is a castle ruins on the hill above the valley Uboc of Stupava (Borinka) stream at an altitude of 370 m above sea level.

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    Dregely Castle (Ruins)

    Dregely Castle is a 13th-century hilltop castle in Nograd County, Hungary. It is in ruins, but being restored. Dregely Castle.

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    Ephesus (Ancient Greek City)

    Ephesus was an ancient Greek city on the coast of Ionia, three kilometres southwest of present-day Selcuk in Izmir Province, Turkey. It was built in the 10th century BC on the site of the former Arzawan capital by Attic and Ionian Greek colonists.

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    The Erechtheion or Erechtheum is an ancient Greek temple on the north side of the Acropolis of Athens in Greece which was dedicated to both Athena and Poseidon. The temple as seen today was built between 421 and 406 BCE.

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    Filakovo Castle (Ruins)

    Built on volcanic rock, Filakovo Castle and the town beneath it are located near the border between Slovakia and Hungary.

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    Finis Fortress (Ruins)

    Finis Fortress (Belovar), Bihor county, Crisana, Romania - Finis Fortress (Belovar) is situated at the border of the Finis village, on top of a small peak.

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    Fortification (Ruins), Stanislawczyk

    Fortification Ruins in Stanislawczyk village in the administrative district of Gmina Przemysl, within Przemysl County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland.

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    Fortified Castle (Ruins), Trojca

    Fortified Castle Ruins in Trojca village in the administrative district of Gmina Ustrzyki Dolne, within Bieszczady County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland.

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    Fortress (Ruins), Talmaciu

    Fortress Ruins near Talmaciu in Sibiu County, in central Romania, 20 km south of the county capital Sibiu.

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    Fortress of Aluston (Ruins)

    The Fortress of Aluston was constructed in VI century by Byzantines. It was expanding and step by step it developed into a small fortified town. The Fortress defended the coast against nomads, controlled the harbour and secured navigation of merchant vessels.

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    Funa Fortress (Ruins)

    Funa (in Greek it means “smoky”) – the fortress situated on the rocky hill at the bottom of Demerdgi Mountain. Before, Demerdgi Mount was called Funa.

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    Fuzerko Castle (Ruins)

    Fuzerko Castle is a castle ruins near village, Bukkzserc in Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen county, Hungary. The southern border of Bukki Nemzeti Park.