Russia is a nation that is located in Eurasia and it occupies about 40% of Europe. Russia also extends across the entire northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world with various kinds of landforms and environments.

Russia also has the largest reserves of energy and mineral resources in the world and as such, it is considered to be an energy superpower. Russia has about 25% of the unfrozen fresh water on earth.

What’s more, it is also the country with the largest forest reserves in the world. It has about 142 million people living on its land and the land area of Russia is about 1/8th of the world’s land area.

Moscow is the capital city of Russia and it is also the country’s largest city. Saint Petersburg is one other largest city in Russia.

The products that Russia exports to other countries consist of timber, metals, natural gas, oil, etc. About 3/4th of its population are living in urban areas and the remaining people live in the rural regions.

About one hundred languages are spoken in Russia and there are about one hundred and sixty ethnic groups in the country. The religions that are followed by the Russians are Christianity, Buddhism, Islam and Judaism.

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    The Kunstkamera is the first museum in Russia. Established by Peter the Great and completed in 1727, the Kunstkammer Building hosts the Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography.

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    Lake Baikal

    Lake Baikal is a rift lake in Russia, located in southern Siberia, between Irkutsk Oblast to the northwest and the Buryat Republic to the southeast.

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    Lomonosov is a municipal town in Petrodvortsovy District of the federal city of St. Petersburg, Russia, located on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland, 40 kilometers west of St. Petersburg proper.

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    Mansion of Countess Vorontsova

    Mansion of Countess Vorontsova in Gelendzhik resort town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Gelendzhik Bay of the Black Sea.

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    Menshikov Palace

    The Menshikov Palace is a Petrine Baroque edifice in Saint Petersburg, situated on Universitetskaya Embankment of the Bolshaya Neva on Vasilyevsky Island. It was the first stone building in the city. Since 1981, it has served as a public museum, a branch of the Hermitage Museum.

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    Mikhailovskaja Dacha

    The Palace grounds of Mikhailovskaya Dacha is the latest link in the chain of the Royal family residences on Peterhof Road. In the early 18th century Mikhailovka consisted of eight villas.

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    Nakh (Vainakh) Medieval Towers

    The Nakh (or Vainakh) medieval towers were a characteristic feature of medieval architecture of the Nakh peoples in Chechenya and Ingushetia, with few parallels outside that region. Some towers were used as dwellings, others had a military purpose; some combined both functions.

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    National Library of Russia

    The National Library of Russia in St Petersburg is not only the oldest public library in the nation, but also the first national library in the country. The NLR is currently ranked among the world’s major libraries.

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    Nevsky Pyatachok

    Nevsky Pyatachok is the name of the Neva Bridgehead 50 km east south-east of Leningrad and 15 km south of Shlisselburg. It was the site of one of the most critical and costly campaigns during the Siege of Leningrad from September 1941 until May 1943 to reopen land communications with the city during the German siege.

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    Oranienbaum is a Russian royal residence, located on the Gulf of Finland west of St. Petersburg. The Palace ensemble and the city centre are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

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    Oranienbaum Bridgehead

    The Oranienbaum Bridgehead was an isolated portion of the Leningrad Oblast in Russia, which was retained under Soviet control during the siege of Leningrad in World War II. It played a significant role in protecting the city.

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    Oreshek Fortress

    A wooden fortress named Oreshek or Orekhov was built by Grand Prince Yury of Moscow on behalf of the Novgorod Republic in 1323. It guarded the northern approaches to Novgorod and access to the Baltic Sea.

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    Palace Square

    Palace Square connecting Nevsky Prospekt with Palace Bridge leading to Vasilievsky Island, is the central city square of St Petersburg and of the former Russian Empire.

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    Palace, Mar’ino

    Palace in Mar’ino village in Kursk region, Russia. Palace in Mar'ino appeared at the beginning of the XIX century.

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    Park Sergievka

    Sergievka - palace and park along the Peterhof Road, in Old Peterhof, west of the Sobstvennaya Dacha.

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    Pavlovsk Palace

    Pavlovsk Palace is an 18th-century Russian Imperial residence built by Catherine the Great for her son, Grand Duke Paul, in Pavlovsk, within Saint Petersburg. After his death, it became the home of his widow, Maria Feodorovna. The palace and the large English garden surrounding it are now a Russian state museum and public park.

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    Pavlovsk Park

    The Pavlovsk Park is the park surrounding the Pavlovsk Palace, an 18th-century Russian Imperial residence built by Tsar Paul I of Russia near Saint Petersburg. After his death, it became the home of his widow, Maria Feodorovna. It is now a state museum and a public park.

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    Peter and Paul Fortress

    The Peter and Paul Fortress is the original citadel of St. Petersburg, Russia, founded by Peter the Great in 1703 and built to Domenico Trezzini's designs from 1706 to 1740. In the early 1920s, it was still used as a prison and execution ground by the bolshevik government.

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    Petergof or Peterhof, known as Petrodvorets from 1944 to 1997, is a municipal town in Petrodvortsovy District of the federal city of St. Petersburg, located on the southern shore of the Gulf of Finland.

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    Peterhof Grand Palace

    The Peterhof Grand Palace is actually a part of palaces and gardens, laid out on the orders of Peter the Great. These Palaces and gardens are sometimes referred as the "Russian Versailles".

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    Pulkovo Observatory

    The Pulkovo Astronomical Observatory, the principal astronomical observatory of the Russian Academy of Sciences, located 19 km south of Saint Petersburg on Pulkovo Heights 75 metres above sea level. It is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments.

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    Ramon Palace (Princess Oldenburg's Palace)

    Ramon Palace, also known as Princess Oldenburg's Palace, is a red-brick neo-Gothic palace in Ramon, Russia. It was built in 1883–87 for Princess Eugenia Maximilianovna of Leuchtenberg and her husband Duke Alexander Petrovich of Oldenburg. It is registered as an object of Russian cultural heritage.

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    Repin House-Museum Penaty

    The museum of the great Russian artist Ilya Repin is located on the bank of the Gulf of Finland at the 45 kilometer distance from St. Petersburg.

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    River Tsitsa headwaters

    This natural monument is located in the southwestern part of Adygea. Its territory is the northern boundary of the Tertiary flora - Colchis boxwood, yew.

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    Road of Life

    The Road of Life was the ice road winter transport route across the frozen Lake Ladoga, which provided the only access to the besieged city of Leningrad while the perimeter in the siege was maintained by the German Army Group North and the Finnish Defence Forces.